Bad health news for surfers

SURFERS are three times more likely to have dangerous superbugs in their bodies than non-surfers.

For the first time, international researchers have discovered that wave riders have a higher rate of the bacteria E coli in their gut that does not respond to the antibiotic cefotaxime.

Cefotaxime has previously been prescribed to kill off these bugs but some have acquired genes that enable them to survive.

E coli is caused by food or water contamination and can spark bloody diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and fever.

The resport published in the journal Environment International found that boardriders ingest 10 times more water than swimmers.

As superbugs continue to be a global challenge, there is increasing focus on the part played by the natural environment. This research was carried out in the UK.

“We are not seeking to discourage people from spending time in the sea – an activity which has a lot of benefits in terms of exercise, wellbeing and connecting with nature,” Dr Will Gaze, head researcher from University of Exeter Medical School, said.

“It is important that people understand the risks involved so that they can make informed decisions about their bathing and sporting habits.

“We now hope that our results will help policymakers, beach managers and water companies to make evidence-based decisions to improve water quality even further for the benefit of public health.”

Queensland environmental expert Professor Tor Hundloe said our seas were cleaner than many surfing spots overseas.

“Certainly tests upstream may show up bacteria but once you reach the open waters, they are relatively clean,” Prof Hundloe said.

“I would surf anywhere on this planet. There’s not much of a risk from contaminated water,” Kayla said.

www.newcures.info

Henry Sapiecha

Video explains Several Mistakes to Avoid when Harvesting Your Rain Water

Best ways to avoid doing the wrong thing when catching rainwater

Fish that eat mosquitoes & safety issues with catching rain water

Henry Sapiecha

You are a criminal for catching rain water on your own property videos shows

MAD APPROACH BY GOVERNMENTS TO COLLECTING WATER ON YOUR OWN PROPERTY

OREGAN WATER NAZIS USA.STEALING RAINWATER FROM THE GOVERNMENT

Governments control of your own resourcs is evil.STOP IT NOW.

www.handyhomehints.com

Henry Sapiecha

The Shape of Water: How Guillermo del Toro Designed His Latest Movie Water Monster

WATER MONSTERS CREATED FOR MOVIES

Filmmaker Guillermo del Toro is a virtuoso maker of monsters—from the Pale Man of Pan’s Labyrinth to Pacific Rim’s Kaiju, they’re wondrous yet terrifying. But the star of his new film, The Shape of Water, is no mere beast, del Toro says: “He’s a leading man.” The Cold War fairy tale depicts a doomed romance between a captive fish-man and a mute janitor (Sally Hawkins). Del Toro collaborated with sculptors for three years to perfect his amphibian, from the creature’s Renaissance nose to his statuesque derriere. (It’s carefully shaped from foam latex.) We asked the beastmaster to dissect his work.

Gleaming Eyes
“In sculpting the white of the eye, the imperfections are important. His acrylic eyes are backed by a reflective material so they catch the light, like a coyote’s eye in a car headlight.”

Defined Nose
“I wanted to make the Michelangelo’s David of amphibian men, so we created this Greek-like nose. He has an amazing profile.”

Fierce Claws
“If you make him adorable, it’s boring. So at first he seems threatening, then he seems cuddly, then he eats a goddamn cat. It’s important to keep the aggressive design lines.”

Agile Legs
Doug Jones wears the ­creature’s foam latex suit. “He moves like an animal in some scenes and like a toreador in others.”

Expressive Brow
“We made an eyebrow ridge that looks angry, then painted a line near it to appear sad. Depending on how we light him, the expression can change.”

Artful Gills
“The body paint refers to a Japanese engraving from the Edo period of a beautiful black fish.”

Sinewy Webbing
“This webbing makes him buoyant. If the creature were swimming, it would be like a hydrodynamic skydiving suit.”

Henry Sapiecha

www.fibreglassanimals .com.au

www.pythonjungle.com

Mine water management: recent results from India

One of the largest cement manufacturing companies in India, OCL India Limited, produces limestone from its open-cut Lanjiberna mine. With increases in mining depth, the mine is facing significant inflow of water, resulting in the formation of pit lakes. The area experiences significant rainfall during the monsoon months. OCL retained SRK India to help advise on potential water inflows with the deepening of the limestone pits and to develop a cost-effective mine water management solution.

Currently OCL operates three adjacent limestone pits with a fourth used to store pumped out water. During the initial phase of the study, SRK noticed that some water management practices had been overlooked causing high levels of inflow to the pits. The presence of large unlined water bodies and garland drains close to pit edges could be responsible for recirculating water. There were no interception or diversion structures to minimise the impacts of recirculation. Similar oversights were noted at some of theother projects that SRK India is presently involved in. For example, the pit at the Mangampet barytes mine is closely surrounded by unlined garland drains and water impoundment structures. To identify connections between water features, SRK suggested simple fluorescence-based tracer tests and accretion surveys along these drains.

To understand the water management issues at Lanjiberna mine, SRK developed a water balance model. It indicates the split between surface and groundwater inflows: about 5% is from direct rainfall onto the pit lakes, 45% from surface runoff, and the remaining 50% from groundwater seepage.

The Lanjiberna deposit belongs to a Precambrian metasedimentary sequence with multiphase folding and faulting. Landsat 8 satellite images and walk over surveys indicate large-scale lineaments intersect the Lanjiberna pits. Such narrow, elongated fracture zones may act as hydraulic pathways for groundwater flows into the pits. While overall groundwater inflows contribute about 50% of the pit lake water, a good proportion could be due to recirculation from nearby unlined water holding facilities.

Subsequently, SRK mapped the perennial (and seasonal) seepages inside the pit, which indicate reasonable correlation with narrow, linear structures and the regional groundwater flow pattern. Based on the preliminary water balance, SRK developed numerical models to estimate potential groundwater inflows. The results, though preliminary in nature, predict significant water inflows with progressive deepening of the pits.

Overall, it appears that restricting potential recirculation, improving existing storm water management and intercepting groundwater seepages by peripheral dewatering wells along the narrow fracture zones are key solutions for this operation. To validate this, SRK suggested further sitespecific data gathering, including detailed fracture mapping, Electrical Resistivity Tomography along selective transects, pumping tests, tracer tests and accretion surveys along the unlined garland drains.

Henry Sapiecha

www.www-globalcommodities.com

Mine Water Management Overview

As the mining industry focuses on improving productivity, reducing operating costs, and venturing into ever more challenging and remote locations for new projects, there is an increased need to look upon water as a whole-project issue.

Add broader perspectives such as stakeholder considerations and effects of a changing climate and water can present a significant risk to a mining project if not fully understood and managed. In this newsletter, we look at diverse aspects of water in the mining industry where SRK has added value and expertise to clients’ projects. There are several strong themes that come through in the articles:

A changing climate: many mines and projects are located in regions where climate patterns are already changing. The way water is managed on mine sites needs to adapt accordingly; from effective flood risk mitigation through to ensuring operational continuity under drought conditions.

Integrated water management: whole-operation water management begins with effective mine site water balances but also requires a joined-up approach between the various functional teams running the mine. Interactive dashboards are just one example of how diverse water management activities at an operation can be more effectively managed.

Focused studies: clients often want specific issues investigated, or solutions developed for a particular problem. The diverse range of technical water-related studies profiled here demonstrates the strength and depth of SRK’s experience which we apply to respond to our clients needs. Our understanding of mining operations and clients’ objectives and priorities enables us to design and implement studies in a focused and effective manner.

Groundwater management is one area where very specialised, niche studies are required to fully understand the conditions at a particular project site before appropriate solutions can be evaluated and designed.

Tailings facility management is another focus area for targeted studies. In both cases, the combination of targeted field investigations and testwork, careful data analysis and appropriate modelling are essential in delivering a successful outcome.

Water care and good governance: employing water re-use and minimisation methods in mining operations not only reduces costs but also reduces risks and improves corporate governance indicators. Mine operations are becoming increasingly aware of their water ‘footprint’ and the benefits this approach delivers.

Good neighbours: the increasing recognition of water as a finite resource to be safeguarded, managed and shared with the wider community is driving mining companies more and more to improved mine water management throughout the design, operational management and closure lifecycle of projects. The other way of looking at this is conflict-mitigation; working alongside and with local communities and being recognised as good neighbours.

In summary, SRK helps identify, manage and mitigate risks in mine water management while also highlighting opportunities through innovative thinking and embracing a whole project approach.

YOU WANT MORE INFORMATION CONTACTS HERE BELOW

Tony Rex: arex@srk.co.uk
Tom Sharp: tsharp@srk.com

Henry Sapiecha

Proposed timber tower would be a tall order drink of water for NYC

The Central Park Tower would rise to a height of 712 ft (217 m), making it the world’s tallest timber tower

New York City’s DFA Studio recently unveiled a blue sky proposal for an observation tower in Central Park. If built, it would be the world’s tallest timber structure and offer excellent views of NYC. Interestingly, it would also filter the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir and turn it into a freshwater pond for everyone’s use.

Looking a little like a throwing dart with its slender form and long lightning rod spire, the Central Park Tower would rise to a total height of 712 ft (217 m). Inside, it would include some retail and restaurant kiosks, as well as a viewing platform offering 360-degree views of the area.

The tower would be made primarily from Glulam (glue-laminated timber), as was used extensively in the Oslo Airport extension. However, the design is actually quite complex structurally and would include a steel core, intricate wooden helix, and transparent PVC skin, and be anchored with a concrete base and stabilizing cables.

The integrated filtration system would be used to filter the currently fenced-off Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir (aka Central Park Reservoir), which non-locals may recognize as the big body of water featured in movies

es like Breakfast at Tiffany’s, turning it into a pond that could be used for all. One example shown is the water being used for sailboats.

“Located in the heart of Central Park, near some of New York’s most important cultural institutions, the underutilized 106-acre [42.9 hectare] body of water occupies one-eighth of the park’s total area and is 40-feet [12 m] deep, with approximately 1 billion gallons of contaminated water,” says the firm. “Aside from supplying water to the pool and Harlem Meer, the reservoir sits stagnant and fenced off due to its current state as a health threat to millions of New Yorkers, tourists and animals.”

The filtration system would be located in the tower’s lower section, within its steel core. The firm says that the considerable power necessary for running it would be met with a vertical axis wind turbine, which, though we’ve no figures to look at, seems a stretch.

DFA Studio also reports that thanks to prefabricated construction methods, the tower could be built as quickly as six months, though describes it as a “temporary” structure, so presumably its lifespan would be quite limited. Either way, we’ll stick our necks out and say this ambitious idea is unlikely to be built.

Source: DFA Studio

Henry Sapiecha

Plastic fibres found in piped tap water around the world, report reveals

Exclusive: Tests show billions of people globally are drinking water contaminated by plastic particles, with 83% of samples found to be polluted

The average number of fibres found in each 500ml sample ranged from 4.8 in the US to 1.9 in Europe. Photograph: Michael Heim/Alamy

Microplastic contamination has been found in tap water in countries around the world, leading to calls from scientists for urgent research on the implications for health.

Scores of tap water samples from more than a dozen nations were analysed by scientists for an investigation by Orb Media, who shared the findings with the Guardian. Overall, 83% of the samples were contaminated with plastic fibres.

The US had the highest contamination rate, at 94%, with plastic fibres found in tap water sampled at sites including Congress buildings, the US Environmental Protection Agency’s headquarters, and Trump Tower in New York. Lebanon and India had the next highest rates.

European nations including the UK, Germany and France had the lowest contamination rate, but this was still 72%. The average number of fibres found in each 500ml sample ranged from 4.8 in the US to 1.9 in Europe.

The new analyses indicate the ubiquitous extent of microplastic contamination in the global environment. Previous work has been largely focused on plastic pollution in the oceans, which suggests people are eating microplastics via contaminated seafood.

“We have enough data from looking at wildlife, and the impacts that it’s having on wildlife, to be concerned,” said Dr Sherri Mason, a microplastic expert at the State University of New York in Fredonia, who supervised the analyses for Orb. “If it’s impacting [wildlife], then how do we think that it’s not going to somehow impact us?”

A magnified image of clothing microfibres from washing machine effluent. One study found that a fleece jacket can shed as many as 250,000 fibres per wash. Photograph: Courtesy of Rozalia Project

A separate small study in the Republic of Ireland released in June also found microplastic contamination in a handful of tap water and well samples. “We don’t know what the [health] impact is and for that reason we should follow the precautionary principle and put enough effort into it now, immediately, so we can find out what the real risks are,” said Dr Anne Marie Mahon at the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, who conducted the research.

Mahon said there were two principal concerns: very small plastic particles and the chemicals or pathogens that microplastics can harbour. “If the fibres are there, it is possible that the nanoparticles are there too that we can’t measure,” she said. “Once they are in the nanometre range they can really penetrate a cell and that means they can penetrate organs, and that would be worrying.” The Orb analyses caught particles of more than 2.5 microns in size, 2,500 times bigger than a nanometre.

Microplastics can attract bacteria found in sewage, Mahon said: “Some studies have shown there are more harmful pathogens on microplastics downstream of wastewater treatment plants.”

Tap water is widely contaminated by plastic

Microplastics are also known to contain and absorb toxic chemicals and research on wild animals shows they are released in the body. Prof Richard Thompson, at Plymouth University, UK, told Orb: “It became clear very early on that the plastic would release those chemicals and that actually, the conditions in the gut would facilitate really quite rapid release.” His research has shown microplastics are found in a third of fish caught in the UK.

The scale of global microplastic contamination is only starting to become clear, with studies in Germany finding fibres and fragments in all of the 24 beer brands they tested, as well as in honey and sugar. In Paris in 2015, researchers discovered microplastic falling from the air, which they estimated deposits three to 10 tonnes of fibres on the city each year, and that it was also present in the air in people’s homes.

This research led Frank Kelly, professor of environmental health at King’s College London, to tell a UK parliamentary inquiry in 2016: “If we breathe them in they could potentially deliver chemicals to the lower parts of our lungs and maybe even across into our circulation.” Having seen the Orb data, Kelly told the Guardian that research is urgently needed to determine whether ingesting plastic particles is a health risk.

The new research tested 159 samples using a standard technique to eliminate contamination from other sources and was performed at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. The samples came from across the world, including from Uganda, Ecuador and Indonesia.

How microplastics end up in drinking water is for now a mystery, but the atmosphere is one obvious source, with fibres shed by the everyday wear and tear of clothes and carpets. Tumble dryers are another potential source, with almost 80% of US households having dryers that usually vent to the open air.

“We really think that the lakes [and other water bodies] can be contaminated by cumulative atmospheric inputs,” said Johnny Gasperi, at the University Paris-Est Créteil, who did the Paris studies. “What we observed in Paris tends to demonstrate that a huge amount of fibres are present in atmospheric fallout.”

Plastic fibres may also be flushed into water systems, with a recent study finding that each cycle of a washing machine could release 700,000 fibres into the environment. Rains could also sweep up microplastic pollution, which could explain why the household wells used in Indonesia were found to be contaminated.

In Beirut, Lebanon, the water supply comes from natural springs but 94% of the samples were contaminated. “This research only scratches the surface, but it seems to be a very itchy one,” said Hussam Hawwa, at the environmental consultancy Difaf, which collected samples for Orb.

This planktonic arrow worm, Sagitta setosa, has eaten a blue plastic fibre about 3mm long. Plankton support the entire marine food chain. Photograph: Richard Kirby/Courtesy of Orb Media

Current standard water treatment systems do not filter out all of the microplastics, Mahon said: “There is nowhere really where you can say these are being trapped 100%. In terms of fibres, the diameter is 10 microns across and it would be very unusual to find that level of filtration in our drinking water systems.”

Bottled water may not provide a microplastic-free alternative to tapwater, as the they were also found in a few samples of commercial bottled water tested in the US for Orb.

Almost 300m tonnes of plastic is produced each year and, with just 20% recycled or incinerated, much of it ends up littering the air, land and sea. A report in July found 8.3bn tonnes of plastic has been produced since the 1950s, with the researchers warning that plastic waste has become ubiquitous in the environment.

“We are increasingly smothering ecosystems in plastic and I am very worried that there may be all kinds of unintended, adverse consequences that we will only find out about once it is too late,” said Prof Roland Geyer, from the University of California and Santa Barbara, who led the study.

Mahon said the new tap water analyses raise a red flag, but that more work is needed to replicate the results, find the sources of contamination and evaluate the possible health impacts.

She said plastics are very useful, but that management of the waste must be drastically improved: “We need plastics in our lives, but it is us that is doing the damage by discarding them in very careless ways.”

Henry Sapiecha

10 of the Most Dangerous Waters in the World ….BEWARE VIDEO SHOWS.

The world is 70 percent water, so it’s probably a good thing that the stuff is good for us. We can drink it, swim in it, grow food with it, and just plain live because of it. However, certain bodies of water are shockingly mean to us. Interacting with some lakes and rivers can hurt us, make us sick, or even kill us.

Hello guys and today we’re talking about 10 Bodies Of Water That Want You Dead

#10. Boiling Lake Dominica
Whoever named this place was certainly no fan of subtlety: Boiling Lake is exactly what it sounds like. Discovered in 1870 by two Englishmen, temperatures taken five years later ranged anywhere from 82 to 91.5 °C.

#9. Citarum River West Java, Indonesia
Here we have a body of water that can destroy us, but only because we screwed it up. Citarum River might well be the most polluted, trash-filled bit of water on the planet.

#8. Rio Tinto Spain
Rio Tinto is among the most acidic bodies of water around, with a pH balance of 2, at best. This means the Rio Tinto is as strong as stomach acid and is more than powerful enough to kill any fish that dare swim in it.

#7. Lake Kivu Of DRC And Rwanda
Three hundred meters (1,000 ft) below the surface of Lake Kivu lies a ticking time bomb. Over 250 cubic kilometers (60 cubic miles) of carbon dioxide, along with around 65 cubic kilometers (15 cubic miles) of methane gas, lurks under this body of water, enough to provide electricity to several countries.

#6. The Rivers Of Johannesburg South Africa
Catching E. coli is no fun under normal circumstances; now imagine you were literally swimming in the stuff.

#5. Blackwater River Virginia, USA
Too much water can be a bad thing, even if the water can’t kill you otherwise.

#4. Tualatin River Oregon, USA
Oregon’s Tualatin River is not the place to be if you want to take your dogs for a swim; close to a dozen pups die there every year from exposure to toxic blue-green algae.

#3. Lake Karachay Russia
Like a supermodel with a bomb strapped underneath her bodice, Russia’s Lake Karachay is pristine, gorgeous, and incredibly deadly. It is, without question, the most radioactive body of water on the planet.

#2. Belle Fourche River And South Dakota, USA
Belle Fourche isn’t poisonous, boiling, or radioactive. However, it is turbulent and wild, at least in one particular area.

#1. Potomac River Maryland–West Virginia Border, USA
Though the only thing most people know about the Potomac is that Washington, DC is situated on it, the legendary river can also be associated with something else: horrible deaths.

Thank you for watching!!! Does anyone want to come over and swim with me?

OOO

Henry Sapiecha

35 WORLD HOT SPOTS FOR THE CLEAREST WATER SWIMMING

Don your go-pro cam & explore these wonderworlds or ‘waterworlds’ more to the point

1…Linipacan-islands-Palawan-Philippines

2…Maldives- 

3…Dog-Island-San-Blas-Panama

4…Cayo Coco Cuba

5…Carla Marcarelleta Menorca Spain 

6…Sua Trench Samoa

7…Crater Lake Oregon

8…Sabah-Mantanani Islands Borneo

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